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Nail Clinic: Help Clients With Arthritis
Arthritis affects more than 40 million Americans, so chances are you have a client who is affected by it to some degree. Take better care of clients you see with arthritis with some extra information on the disease and a few tips for relieving pain from it.
So what is arthritis?
Arthritis is a joint disorder characterized by inflammation – and can be found in men, women, and even some children.
The chief symptoms of arthritis are local pain, stiffness, tenderness, and swelling. The severity ranges from those cases that can be helped by over-the-counter analgesics to those who suffer from deformed joints and crippling pain everyday.
Types of Arthritis
There are actually over 100 different forms of arthritis, but here we’ll examine the top two.
Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disorder that leads to the breakdown and eventual loss of cartilage, essentially breaking down the cushion between bones. The joints will become inflamed, tender, and less flexible. It can be caused by genetics, injury, overuse, or illness. One giveaway that a client has this is that her finger joints closest to the tips of her nails will look knobby and protrude.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic form of arthritis (systemic meaning that it’s a widespread problem that can't be pinpointed to one place in the body). It affects women three time as often as men, and begins primarily when women are in their 40’s. RA is an autoimmune disease where the body’s own immune cells attack the joints, causing swelling, redness, and fluid build up. Pain usually begins in the feet and ankles. While the exact cause of RA is unknown, it is believed to be caused by a combination of genetic, environmental, and hormonal factors.